The Gower Family: The Children of Granville, 2nd Earl Gower

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License of this image: CC-BY-SA
License of original image: Abbot Hall Art Gallery - CC-By-SA
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By: George Romney (1734-1802)
Created: c.1776-7, Collection: Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal, UK Rights: CC-By-SA

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Romney took the theme of dancing figures directly from classical prototypes – antique sculptural reliefs and Renaissance paintings – which he studied in Rome. He may have also been inspired by May Day dancers he witnessed at Nice on his way to Italy. The motionless, statuesque figure of Lady Anne, smoothly painted as if carved from marble, acts as a foil to the lively, rhythmic movement and naturalistic poses of the younger children, highlighting their youthful exuberance.

Born at Dalton-in-Furness, George Romney began his career in Kendal as the apprentice to local portrait painter, Christopher Steele, but soon rose from his provincial roots to become one of the most fashionable portrait painters of his time. After achieving early success in Kendal, he decided to pursue his career in London and in 1762 he left his family behind to seek his fortune in the capital.

After spending two years studying antique Greek and Roman art in Italy, immersing himself in the ideals of Classicism Romney created his masterpiece The Gower Family. Commissioned by Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Gower and later Marquis of Stafford, this ambitious, large-scale work portrays the five youngest of his eight children – on the right, holding a tambourine, is Lady Anne, who was step-sister to the four younger children portrayed dancing in a ring.